Shrimp Fish Farm introduction:shrimp Fish farming is current modern profitable business in the world. Modern super intensive shrimp farming is being farming a lot more shrimp in some places .Day-by-day demand of intensive shrimp farming is increasing type of farmers .Most farmers operate one or two ponds as a family business and these farmers tend to be not very well organized export oriented businesses .
Operate large amounts of ponds ranging from 50 to a few a few hundred hectares production and harvesting system semi intensive pond farming uses a mono culture system .Average pond sizes range between 2500 m to to two hectare most farmers employ a partial water exchange system using tidal rhythms in all provinces. Monotone are harvested year-round it takes an average of 160days for the shrimp to reach 35 grams shrimp are typically harvested all at once using a net when the ponds are drained.
The survival rate lies between80 and 90 percent stocking densities and productivity in all provinces P monotone are stock to year-round with the exception of the first few weeks of the rainy season .Stocking density of the ponds is around2250 PL per m2 plant harvesting sizes influences stocking density. If one wants to grow or bigger fish the stocking density must be reduced average annual productivity lies between nine to twelve tons per hectar reuse of seed feed and other inputs postlarvae or PL can be sourced from a number of hatcheries throughout the country. Some farmers by PL s that have been sourced from the wild in this type of shrimp farming systems know nurseries are used as this increases mortality most operators using semi intensive pond systems use a combination of natural feeds and commercial pellet feeds mono culture farms tend to feed.
The shrimp Fish Farm with pellet feeds three to four times a week the feed conversion ratio is around 1 1.4 to 1.6 for large quantities of fish a channel needs to be ready and the harvest needs to match the demand cold storage facilities and containers need to be ready as well. Once you pack your product it can be safely transported and distributed fish can be chilled with ice from the time it is caught until it is packaged and stored in cold storage run til it reaches the customer .The fish need to be frozen rapidly and stored in a constant low temperature soon after they are caught in commercial farms heat from the fish is removed either by spraying keeping in touch with a cold surface or with a stream of cold air before. They are refrigerated it’s important to maintain the recommended storing temperatures and storing processes to maximize fish life and minimize food spoilage fish can also be dried and canned for selling.